Perugia was a very important Etruscan city with marvellous buildings such as the Etruscan Arch or the Etruscan Well.
The Roman emperor Ottaviano conquered the city and gave it a new name: Augusta Perusia.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, the city became independent town with a own council, but often divided into fierce fights against families like the Baglioni.
This family was the only which contended the city with the Papal States in 1531.
The pope Paolo III, as a symbol of his power, decided to build the “Rocca Paolina”, a huge rock above the old city. This power finished in 1860, year of the unification of Italy.